What are Sexually Transmissible Infections (STIs)?
Sexually transmissible infections can be caused by germs (e.g. bacteria, viruses or parasites) and can be passed on from one person to another during sex.
Depending on the type of STI, STIs can be passed on through:
- Skin to skin contact
- Sexual fluids, like from the vagina, penis or anus
- Blood to blood contact
Some people with STIs may feel well for many years before the infection affects their health, but they can still pass on the STI to other people, even if they feel well. To reduce the risk of passing on an STI or from getting an STI, it is important to always use condoms or dams and lubricant when having any kind of sex, and to never share sharp objects like needles (from tattoos or injecting drugs) or razors or personal hygiene items like toothbrushes.
Different STIs affect your body in different ways, the most common symptoms of STIs are:
- Discharge from penis, vagina or anus
- Pain in the genital area
- Itching in the genital area
- Fever or flu-like symptoms
- Warts, rashes, blisters or sores in the genital area
- Pain when urinating (weeing) or during sex.
The most common STIs are:
- Genital Herpes
- Genital Warts – HPV
- Hepatitis B
STIs can be treated, and many can be cured, however, some STIs can do permanent damage to your reproductive organs, which cannot be reversed. It is therefore important to have regular STI testing at your doctors.
Policy recommendations for revisions to the DEED governing health insurance for international students in Australia, particularly with regards to pregnancy-related coverage and sexually transmitted infections.read more
To celebrate youth week this year, the Multicultural Sexual Health Network (MSHN) held a forum to share knowledge and tools to provide quality sexual health and healthy relationships education to young people from refugee and migrant backgrounds. We also launched our new resource, SHARE.read more
A community brochure designed for migrants and refugees on HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections.read more
Find out more about the activities of Multicultural Health & Support Service (MHSS), a program which works with refugees, asylum seekers, migrants and mobile populations in metropolitan Melbourne and regional Victoria to prevent new incidences and transmission of blood borne viruses (BBV) and sexually transmissible infections (STI).read more
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